Russia (Russian Hymn)

 

Audio sample: hymnal verse - choir verse, ad lib - harmonized descant.  Free score. 

The music to which the hymn God the Omnipotent! King who ordainest is sung was commissioned by Czar Nicholas I, and composed by violinist and composer Alexei Lvov in 1833 for use as a national anthem. (The new tune - and several harmonizations of it - superseded the preposterous use of the tune of the English national anthem, which otherwise retained the text 'God save the Czar.') The tune, known alternately as RUSSIA or RUSSIAN HYMN, was quoted by Tchaikovsky in the 1812 Overture. Lvov's career was characterized by overachievement; he was also concertmaster of his own touring string ensemble, a civil engineer, and rose to the rank of general. In 1828 he was appointed aide-de-campeto the Czar. He later attained to the position of Maestro of the Imperial Chapel. His ensemble toured Europe and hosted guest soloists such as Liszt, the Schumanns, and Berlioz. The text now widely used for this setting is a reduction of two hymns, the first two verses coming from In Time of War by Henry Fothergill Chorley (1842), the final two coming from hymnologist John Ellerton's derivative, less nationalistic text, written in 1870.

Reading:
"God the Omnipotent," hymnstudiesblog
Hymn of the Month, reformedworship.org
"God save the Czar," Alexei L'vov 1833, score in three parts
Alexei Lvov, Wikipedia


Descant verse

God the All-provident! earth by thy chastening

yet shall to freedom and truth be restored;

through the thick darkness thy kingdom is hastening;

thou wilt give peace in thy time, O Lord.

 
Verse for choir, ad lib (FREE)


John Ellerton, 1870

God the All-righteous One! man hath defied thee,

yet to eternity standeth thy word;

Falsehood and wrong shall not tarry beside thee;

Give to us peace in our time, O Lord!


 

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