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National Hymn

Descant to the hymn tune NATIONAL HYMN. Free score with harmonized descant and optional instrumental introduction or bridge. Score available with parts for three Bb trumpets (via contact form). Free score. 

1 hymnal (George Warren)
God of our fathers, whose almighty hand
leads forth in beauty all the starry band
of shining worlds in splendor through the skies,
our grateful songs before thy throne arise.

2. descant
Refresh thy people on their toilsome way,
lead us from night to never-ending day;
fill all our lives with love and grace divine,
and glory, laud, and praise be ever thine.

The author of the text "God of our fathers," Daniel Crane Roberts, rector of St. Thomas Episcopal Church in Brandon, Vermont, wrote this hymn (ie, the text) for his town's US Centennial celebration - sung to the tune (irony alert) RUSSIAN HYMN, which at the time was in use as the national anthem of czarist Russia.  Some years later, with the Episcopal Church preparing a new hymnal, Roberts submitted the work, anonymously, to the commission overseeing the project. To his surprise and delight, it was selected. With the observance of another centennial pending - that of the US Constitution - it would simply not do that this text be sung to another country's national anthem. George William Warren Covers HymnDescants nationalhymn 250Free arrangement for three trumpets and organof St. Thomas Church in New York wrote the setting NATIONAL HYMN for this text, and it was used at the Constitutional observance, and published in the Hymnal 1892; this has been an inseparable pair ever since.

But who are these 'fathers?' Despite the patriotic character of the music and the poet's teleological shading ('Thy word our law'), the hymn preempts secular considerations by first venerating the God of creation - the 'starry band' is a cosmological reference to the Milky Way. Even at this date in modernity, these 'shining worlds' were thought to be the entire observable universe, wonders observed from the beginning by our biblical fathers. The Creator who is before and above all creation, of time itself, is the first consideration. In the second stanza, a form of American exceptionalism is explicit, 'Thy word our law', voicing an expectation that an America now spanning the continent was emerging to a future place as a leader of nations, hinting at a manifest purpose to facilitate God's millennial peace, a project more difficult than imagined. In his commentary on the UM Hymnal, C. Michael Hawn notes that the hymn's arc is that "God will lead us from the war and pestilence of our earlier captivity to the freedom and light of peace." The most common alteration (for inclusive language) is to translate 'our fathers' into 'the ages,' but this is unsatisfying - 'creation' would be more in keeping with the cosmological impulse of the first stanza.

This descant was written at the request of Phil Johnson, organist and choirmaster at All Saints Episcopal Church, Peterborough NH and first sung by the Youth Choir of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, Cambridge MA, as choral guests of Mr. Johnson on the Sunday morning of Memorial Day weekend in 1995.

 1. God of our fathers, whose almighty hand
Leads forth in beauty all the starry band.
Of shining worlds in splendor through the skies
Our grateful songs, before thy throne arise

2. Thy Love divine hath led us in the past.
In this free land by thee our lot is cast.
Be thou our ruler, guardian, guide, and stay.
Thy Word our law, thy paths our chosen ways.

3. From wars alarms, from deadly pestilence,
Be thy strong arm our ever sure defense;
Thy true religion in our hearts increase,
Thy bounteous goodness, nourish us in peace.

4. Refresh thy people on their toilsome way;
Lead us from night, to never ending day;
Fill all our lives, with love and grace divine,
And glory, laud, and praise be ever thine.


[Note: a version of the accompaniment arranged for a trio of trumpets and organ is available upon request. Use the contact form at right for more info.]

Refs:, The Hymnary, History of Hymns. The Gaffney Ledger


Updated: Jul 29 2015

God of our fathers

Descant text:

Refresh thy people on
their toilsome way,

lead us from night, to
never ending day;

Fill all our lives with
love and grace divine,

and glory, laud, and praise
be ever thine.

– Daniel Crane Roberts, 1876

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