Bedford

EDMONTON redirects here.

Audition: The Hymnal 1982 with organ - original harm. (a cappella) - descant with harmonization  Free score. 

The only known composition from William Weale (aka Wheal), this tune was oiginally in triple meter - as is this version -  and almost universally recognized as BEDFORD; he was organist of St. Paul's, Bedford UK beginning in 1715 until his death twelve years later. The date of original publication is not certain, though an undated version (below) exists in Francis Timbrell's The Divine Musick Scholar's Guide, a copy of which was found in a personal library with an ex libris inscription dated 1723; it is in three-part notation with the tune marked 'Cantus' with separate parts for 'Medius' and 'Bassus' (in standard practice, the Medius was placed in treble clef an octave higher than sung). A four-part version with figured bass, dated 1732, was published in The Harmonious Companion; or the Psalm-Singer's Magazine, which like the earlier version has syncopated cadences. BEDFORD was rendered into quadruple meter (and lowered to D) by William Gardiner in 1815, a midlands industrialist and amateur musicologist. A century later, versions restored to triple meter began appearing, though in Methodist use, it has never been anything else. In Hymnal 1982 this tune bears the name EDMONTON, as did a version in the 1768 Methodist Harmonia Sacra; these versions replace cadential syncopations with passing notes. The page scans available on the Hymnary website provide a visual catalog of differing metrical treatments. The bells, and later a carillon, of the Bedford church rang this tune in the composer's honor for more than a century.

weale bedford orig

 Further reading
JSTOR, "Church and Organ Music," The Musical Times Vol. 49, No. 781 (Mar. 1, 1908), pp. 165-169 (registration required, but free)
St. Paul's Church website
The Nonconformist Musical Journal, Google ebook (free)
BEDFORD (Wheal), The Hymnary
The Hymnal 1982 Companion, ed. Raymond F. Glover (Church Hymnal Corp, New York, 1990), Vol. 3, pp 503ff.
Harmonia Sacra (ed. Thomas Butts, with tune labeled EDMONTON)*
Harmonia Sacra (ed. Timothy Essex) - click link (or scroll) to page 1*
*This series is not the well-known Mennonite shape note collection of the same name edited by Joseph Funk, first published in 1832, and still in publication.
 
 

O Zion open wide thy gates
v. 6.4.4
(Free download)

Descant verse:
O Zion, open wide thy gates

All glory to the Father be,

all glory to the Son,

all glory, Holy Ghost, to thee,

while endless ages run.

– Brevarium Parisiense (1680), rev. Jean Baptiste de Santeul (1689); tr. Edward Caswall (1849)

© David Maurand. All rights reserved.